Islamic Calendar 2018 | Hijri Calendar 1439

The Islamic calendar or conjointly referred to as Hijri Calendar is essentially a lunar calendar which consists of 12 months and also the year has 354 or 355 days. In several Muslim countries this calendar is followed in order to keep the dates. The Islamic calendar is incredibly important for the Muslim’s in order to keep the fasting dates at the exact date and time also when to go to Mecca for pilgrimage.

Islamic Calendar 2018

Arabic Calendar 2018, Islamic calendar 2018

The Islamic calendar uses the Hijri era that had been established a long way back in AD 622. It was devised when Muhammad with his followers went from Mecca to Medina (earlier referred to as Yathrib). After this the first Muslim community was formed and was commiserated as Hijra.

1439 Hijri Calendar: The current Hijri year is 1439 AH. The year 1439 AH runs from 21st September 2017 to 10th September 2018. AH means Al-Hajj.

The precious months of this era are the Ramadan Kareem and Rabi ul Awwal. Ramadan is a holy month of fasting while the Prophet SAW was born on 8th or 12th of Rabi ul Awwal.

For Central Arabia, especially the holy city of Mecca, since there is not much knowledge of dates so various details were found in various writings given by the Muslim authors of Abbasid era.

Hijri Calendar 2018

Arabic Calendar 2018, Hijri calendar 1439

The ancient inscriptions show that various Saudi Arabian calendars were used as local calendars. The lunisolar system is followed in various calendars. It is well known that the ancient arabs used the same name of months as used by the Muslims. There are two types of months: one are the permitted months and others are the forbidden months. That is the resaon that the islamic calendar is considered unanimous. The forbidden months are the months in which fighting is not allowed and this is known as Rajab. The forbidden months are also given in the Procopious writings. In his writing he has described the demise of Lakhmid al-Mundhirn which had happened in 541 AD summer. These four months are not linked to any particular season by the Muslim Historians. These months are linked by Qurans with Nasi which means postponement.

Out of the twelve months, four months of the Hijri months are considered sacred: Rajab and the consecutive three months of Dhū al-Qa‘dah, Dhu al-Ḥijjah  and Muḥarram.

Hijri Calendar 1439

Arabic Calendar 2018, urdu calendar 2018

The various months name and details are:-

  • Muharram – ( meaning forbidden ) – Its sacred month, called because fighting and battling is forbidden (ḥarām) during this month. The tenth day is included in Muharram.
  • Safar – ( meaning void ) – It is named so because at this particular time of the year some of the houses were empty as the people living in them had gone to collect food. Also people recollect that these houses were looted and nothing was left behind.
  • Rabi ul-Awaal – ( meaning the first spring ) – The cattle’s were used to graze around at this time of the month, hence the name. Also, it is a very important time for Muslim’s as Prophet Mohammad was born in this month.
  • Rabi ul-akhir – ( meaning the second spring ) – In this month the sight of crescent month is sighted.
  • Jumada al-awaal – ( meaning the first of parched land) – It is the pre Islamic summer. Though it was considered summer still people thought that the water will freeze at this time of the month.
  • Jumada al-thani – ( meaning the last of the parched land ) – It is the sixth month in the Islamic calendar. It means the dry month that is there will be very less rain.
  • Rajab – ( meaning respect, honour ) – In this month the fights and battles are forbidden and the Islamic Arabs remove the spear heads so that they can’t fight.
  • Shaban – ( meaning scattered ) – This time of the year is when the Arabs go different places and find water. It also means to come between two things and this is because it comes between Rajab and Ramadan.
  • Ramadan – ( meaning burning heat ) – It is the month of fasting. In this month due to excessive heating of sun, there are high temperatures. It is most respected month in the Hijri calendar. In this time of the month, the Muslim’s must fast from dawn to sunset and also help the poor and needy.
  • Shawwal – ( meaning raised ) – The female camels are normally getting in the form of calf and will raise their tails.
  • Dhu al-Qidah – ( meaning the one of truce/sitting ) – This is a holy month in which waging wars is banned. But the people are allowed to defend if they are being attacked.
  • Dhu al-Hijjah – ( meaning the one of pilgrimage ) – During this month all the Muslim’s from all over the world gather at the Mecca to visit the Kabba. On the eighth, the ninth and the tenth the Hajj is performed. The festival of sacrifice, better known as Eid al Adha, starts on the tenth and is ended during the sunset of the twelfth and also in this time war is banned.

    Urdu Calendar 2018

    Urdu Calendar 2018, 2018 hijri calendar

Every month in the 2018 Islamic calendar is based on the birth of new cycle of lunar. This is basically based on the watching of crescent which marks the ending of the previuos month and starts the new lunar month. This means that there can be twenty nine or thirty days in a month depending  upon the moon’s visibility as well as the earth’s position. The weather conditions are also a greta factor in seeing the crescent moon. There are certain groups of people who follow the Islamic calendar and in it it shows that the odd numbered months have tweny nine days while the even numbered have thirty days and there are a total of twelve months.

Arabic Calendar 2018

Arabic Calendar 2018, islamic calendar 2018

In Arabic, according to the planetary week, the first day is Sunday. The weekdays in islam starts at the beginning of sunset. Yawm al Jumah, also known as the gathering day, is done by Muslim’s when they gather to worship at a mosque which is generally done on a Friday. This day is also better known as the “rest day”. This has been made official in many Muslim Countries where Saturday and Sunday are official weekends.

Hindu Calendar 2018 with Tithi | Panchang 2018

2018 Hindu calendar is a term that is collectively used for various lunisolar calendars and they are traditionally adopted in Hinduism. This is adopted so that one can know the concept of timekeeping, and when New Year starts, and to give emphasis to which cycle – moon cycle or the sun cycle. The most followed and studied calendar among the various Hindu calendars is the Vikrami Calendar. This calendar is found in the northern region, the western region and central region. The Tamil calendar and Tithi Calendar 2018 is found in the south region while the Bengali calendar is found in the east. The calendars used in these regions take emphasis of lunar cycle and their new year starts in spring. But In some states like Kerala, the solar cycle is emphasized and hence Hinduism called as the Malayalam calendar. A Hindu calendar 2018 with Tithi is also known as 2018 Panchang.

Panchang Calendar 2018

Panchang Calendar 2018, Hindu Panchang 2018

The Gregorian calendar is different from the Hindu calendar but is somewhat similar to the Jewish calendar in the conceptual design. The Gregorian calendar adds days to the lunar month so that it can adjust the mismatch between the twelve lunar cycles. But the hindu calendar maintains the lunar month’s integrity but still adds a whole extra month so that all the festivals can be accommodated and this process is quite complex.

Hindu Calendar 2018 Wedding Dates

The Hindu calendar is very widely used in India as well as Nepal in order to set the dates of various Indian festivals like Holi, Diwali, Raksha Bandhan, Pongal etc. in India, the early Buddhist community used the ancient Indian Calendar, then went for the Vikrami Calendar, and finally the Buddhist Calendar. The Buddhist community festivals are celebrated as per the lunar system only. Various countries like Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Laos, Myanmar, and Thailand use the lunisolar calendar which is somewhat similar to the Buddhist calendar in the context that they are based on the ancient version of Hindu calendar. The same lunisolar system which is given in the ancient Hindu calendar 2018 is also followed by the Jainism tradition. The Buddha and the Mahavira lifetimes have been used as a reference point for the timekeeping systems of the Buddhist and the Jains.

The astrology and the zodiac system that have been mostly adopted from the Greece are important for the practice from the Hindu calendar. The “Saka Calendar” better known as the Indian national calendar was redesigned so that it can be based on the Hindu calendars and finally adopted on March 22, 1957.

Hindu Calendar 2018 with Tithi

Time was kept in ancient times by observing the movement of Sun, Moon and planets by the Hindu Scholars. The calculations about Sun are present in various Sanskrit astronomical texts that are written in Sanskrit. Some of them are 5th century article written by Aryabhatta, in 6th century it was given by Lataveda in Romaka, in 7th century it was given by Brahamgupta in Khandakhyadyaka, in 8th century it was given Lalla in Sisyadhivrddida. In these writings, the movements and positions of various planetary and sun or Surya is given and also estimate the characteristics of various planetary motions. There were other texts like Surya Siddhanta which are believed to have been completed between 5th and 10th century which have chapters that show various planets with their deity methodologies.

The manuscripts have been written in various languages which show the sun and planetary calculations and its motion relative to earth. Since there are different versions so it is considered that they have been opened and changed during their lifetime.

There are various Sanskrit texts that show us how many days were in a year. These are:-

  • Surya Siddhanta – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 36.56 seconds .
  • Paulica Siddhanta – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 36 seconds .
  • Paracara Siddhanta – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 31.50 seconds .
  • Arya Siddhanta – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 30.84 seconds .
  • Laghu Arya Siddhanta – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 30 seconds .
  • Siddhanta Shiromani – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 9 seconds .

For setting the months and days the Hindu texts used the lunar cycle but to complete the year they required solar cycle. The system used here is similar to the one that is used in Jewish and Babylonian calendar. In this system there is still the challenge of mismatch between the correctness of 354 lunar days in twelve months or 365 days.

The solar year was observed by tracking the position of the sun when it comes up that is sunrise till when it goes down that is sunset. These formed constellations in the sky which were divided at 30 degree angles into twelve different parts.

The siddhanta tradition predated the Christian tradition as explained or observed by Scott Montgomery. The siddhanta tradition at one time had 18 texts out of which only 5 have survived till the modern age. These texts had information regarding the sun, moon and planetary motions and their formulas. They also predicted their future motions and positions as well as their equinoxes and parallax. A word called truti was used by the scholars who were trying to find the accuracy of time which came out around 29.36 micro seconds. During the time of their chance to fins the accuracy of time, they computed the diameter of the earth which is actually 7918 miles and their result also came very close to it. These calendars were again written by Aryabhatta and Varahamihira during the 5th and 6th century.

After some time a new word came into existence in the Hindu astrology known as Jyotisha. After a lot of centuries the astrological application came into existence because it was almost identical with the Greek astrology as they were somewhat similar.

The ancient texts on Jyotisha never mentioned so much of astrology or prophecy but discussed only on time keeping. According to Nicolas Campion, the idea of horoscopes and astrology came to India from Greece.

January 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

January 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

February 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

February 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

March 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

March 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

April 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

April 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

May 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

May 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

June 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

June 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

 

July 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

July 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

August 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

August 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

September 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

September 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

October 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

October 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

November 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

November 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

December 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

December 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi

Free Printable Calendar 2018 Template

In today’s world, people are mostly very busy in their daily life schedule. So, in order to maintain the hectic scheduling of their life they can follow the calendar 2018.Nowadays, also calendars are made accordingly as per the customer’s choice of need. All the important dates and holidays are mentioned very clearly in the printable calendars in order to proper understanding of the mango people. One can also mark important dates on the printable calendar and can remember important days of near and dear ones or any official matter or be it anything else. We stay very busy sometimes due to which we tend to forget important meetings, parent teacher meeting, birthdays of important persons in our lives, etc. , but by using this calendar we can actually never forget any important and significant task. We can use it anywhere be it gym, school, home, office or be it any place.

Free Printable Calendar 2018

Printable Calendar 2018, 2018 Printable Calendar

printable calendar 2018 is basically a procedure of sorting and arranging days for various social, religious, commercial as well as also administrative purposes. This is actually done by giving respective and specific names to the periods of time, typically the days, the weeks, the months and also the years. A date is basically the designation of a single, specific day within such a processor procedure. A calendar is also about a physical and stable record (often considered as paper) of such a kind. A calendar can also mean a list of planned, organised and arranged events, such as a court calendar or a partly or fully chronological list of documents, such as a calendar of wills.

2018 Printable Calendar

2018 Printable Calendar, calendar 2018 template

Periods in a calendar (such as years and months) are mostly, though not always about to happen, are synchronised with the cycle of the sun or the moon. The lunisolar calendar, was the most common type of pre-modern calendars. It is the lunar calendar that occasionally adds one intercalary month to remain synchronised with the solar year over the long time.

2018 Calendar Printable

2018 Calendar Printable, Printable 2018 Calendar

Printable Calendars 2018 of various types are as follows:

  • Gregorian Calendars: This calendar is basically used for civil purposes. All the Gregorian calendars have about 365 or about 366 days. It was implemented in the year 1582.
  • Religious Calendars: Now, this types of calendars are mostly used for religious purposes. This means in order to keep an account of all religious dates and stuff, one can use this calendar so that they do not forget about any sort of important and significant religious feasts.
  • National calendars: For multiple and various religious and social goals. The Chinese, Hebrew, Hindu and Julian calendars are widely used. In some parts of Afghanistan and in the whole of Iran, the Persian calendar is being used in order to remember dates and days. The principal  calendar used in ethiopa is the Ethiopian calendar or the ethioipic calendar. The thai solar calendar is being used in Thailand. In it, the months and the days follow the western standard while the Buddhist calendar is being followed by the years or it is based on it.
  • Fiscal calendars: These types of calendars are basically used for accounting, keeping an account of the budget in business, market and such other purposes.

    Blank Calendar 2018

    Blank Calendar 2018, 2018 Blank Calendar

Format of a printable calendar:

Calendars are not only meant for the need of timekeeping but also meant for displaying. It is also a displaying device. For example: a desktop calendar or a wall calendar.

There are calendars that contain one level of cycles and also there are calendars that contain two levels of cycles. In the one level of cycles there are week and week day as the first option and the second is the year and original date within the year, whereas in the two level of cycles, there is year, month and day as the first option and year, week and weekday as the second option of this kind. These cycles can also be synchronized with the periodic phenomenon. For example, lunar calendars are synchronized with the movement of the moon or what we know as the lunar phases. Similarly the solar calendars are also based on the apparent movement of the sun, and the lunisolar calendars are basically based on both the combination of lunar and solar movements all together. There are also arithmetic and astronomical calendars. On the basis of observation which is ongoing the astronomical calendar is based, While, the arithmetic calendar is mostly based on a strict set of rules and regulations.

2018 Printable Calendar subdivisions:

Mostly all the calendar systems group all the days which continues all together as weeks, months, years respectively. Coming to the Indian calendar: the Indian national calendar is the calendar which is officially used by the government of India. Also the various types of calendars include the Hindu calendars, Tamil calendars, Vikram calendars, Bengali calendars, Malayalam calendars, Nanakshahi calendars and many more to be known.

Coming to the perpetual calendar: It is a type of calendar which is used for further calculation of days of the weeks for a specific given date in the future. These types of calendar use algorithms in order to compute and find out the day of the week, the month and the year. It is too much complicated for a particular person to do such algorithms which includes such complexities. Coming to the Maya calendar now, it does consist of various and several cycles of different lengths. The Maya name for a particular day was named as kin. All together twenty of these kin’s are known as uinal or winal. One tun is based on eighteen winals. Katun is based on twenty tuns. And finally a baktun is based on twenty katuns.

2018 Calendar with Holidays

2018 Calendar with Holidays, holiday calendar 2018

According to all researchers there are almost forty calendars all over the whole entire world. Basically all the native people and the modern westerners keep in mind that they will be requiring a huge number of calendars to use in their day to day life. The term calendar is basically taken form the work calendar which also means to call out.

Printable Calendar 2018 with Holidays | Holiday Calendar 2018 Template

India, being a culturally variant and fervent society, is celebrating various 2018 holidays and festivals. There are four national holidays 2018 in India as we all know: Republic Day on the 26th of January, International Workers’ Day on the 1st of May, Independence Day on the 15th of  August and Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday on the  2nd of  October.

Federal Holidays 2018 Calendar

Federal Holidays 2018

Different States have local and its own festivals depending on prevalent religious, customs and linguistic demographics. Most of the Popular religious festivals include the Sikh festivals , for example like the Guru Nanak Jayanti and Vaisakhi occasions.; Various Hindu festivals of Makar Sankranti, Maha Shivratri, Onam, Janmashtami, Saraswati Puja, Diwali, Ganesh Chaturthi, Raksha Bandhan, Holi, Durga Puja, Dussehra; Different Muslim festivals of Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Mawlid, Muharram; Also, Buddhist festivals like Ambedkar Jayanti, Buddha Jayanti, Dhammachakra Pravartan Day and Losar; and last but not the least are the Christian festivals of Christmas and days of observances such as Good Friday are observed throughout India in huge and multiple numbers.

2018 Holidays USA Calendar

2018 Holidays USA Calendar, 2018 Printable calendar

The Hindus celebrate a various and multiple number of festivals all throughout the year. Mostly Hindu festivals have one or more of religious, customs, mythological and seasonal importance. The observance of the festival, the symbolisms used and attached, and the type and intensity of celebration is different from region to region within the country itself. The list of the more popular number of hindu festivals are given below:-

  • Bhogi /Lohri: This is mostly celebrated in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu. In Maharashtra it is known as bhogi whereas in Punjab it is known as lohri.

    2018 Printable Calendar Template

2018 Printable Calendar Template, 2018 Holiday Calendar

  • Makar Sankranti: This is also known as Maghi, Magh Bihu or Pongal. It is celebrated in various parts of India like Andaman and Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, karnatka, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar. In Assam it is celebrated as Magh Bihu, In Gujarat it is known as Uttarayan, In west Bengal and rajasthan it is celebrated as the most famous Makar Sankranti, In Himachal Pradesh it is popularly celebrated as Maghi and lastly in tamil nadu is celebrated as Pongal festival with highly customs and beliefs.
  • Vishu: It is mostly practiced in parts like Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  • Vasant Panchami: Also known as Saraswati Puja. It is one of the most famous festivals which is celebrated in parts like Tripura, Orissa, west Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.
  • Ratha Saptami: Various parts of India like Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka do celebrate this wonderful festival in a very religious procedure.
  • Maha Shivaratri: This is mostly done in places like andhar Pradesh,chattisgarh, assam, bihar, chandigarh,Gujarat,Haryana, himachal Pradesh, jammu and Kashmir,karnatka,kerala,and many more.

    Calendar with Holidays 2018

  • Calendar with Holidays 2018, Printable Calendar 2018

The list of few sikh holidays are also given below:

  • Guru Gobind Singh Ji Gurupurab: Mostly done in places like chandigarh, himachal Pradesh and Punjab.
  • The most famous festival of Punjab is Martyrdom Of Guru Arjun Dev Ji.
  • Vaisakhi: It is celebrated in Andaman and nicobar, assam, chandigarh, chattisgarh, delhi, Gujarat and many more such places.
  • Guru Nanak Gurupurab: It is also done in west ebngal, Orissa, Mizoram, Andaman and nicobar,etc.

Now, we come to the Islamic holidays 2018 and Federal Holidays 2018. Mostly all the Islamic festivals are celebrated in all states and territories. Festivals like day of shura,mawlid,birthday of ali ibn abi talib is celebrated in uttar pradesh and bihar.shab-e-barat,eid-ul-fitr, eid-e-ghadeer and eid-al-adha are also being celebrated all over India.

2018 Calendar with Holidays

2018 Calendar with Holidays, Calendar 2018 Template

Coming to all the christain holidyays:

  • Holiday of obligation ,is observed in all states and territories .
  • Christmas day being celebrated on the 25th of December while the Boxing day is celebrated on the 26th of December which is observed only in Telangana. And, on the 30th of December is the feast of the holy family.
  • Easter Sunday is also one of the most famous festivals of the Christians. It is basically on the 16th of april.
  • All saint’s day and all soul’s day are celebrated on the 1st of November and 2nd of November respectively.
  • Feast of the blessed virgin happens to be on the 8th of September.

Holidays of the Buddhists are as follows:

Ambedkar Jayanti, Buddha Purnima, Dharma chakra Pravartan day which is done only in Maharashtra, and Losar which is done in Sikkim and ladakh. The Jain holidays include the Mahavir Jayanti and the paryushan. The Parsee(zoroastrian holidays):  So, basically the parsis uses a shahenshahi calender. The parsi new year is cleberated in Gujarat,Pondicherry, maharshtra and Punjab. Ravidassia holidays include guru ravidas Jayanti which is observed in places like chandigarh,Haryana,himachal Pradesh.

Public holidays in Ukraine 2018

Public holidays in Ukraine 2018, Holiday 2018 Calendar

New year’s day is celebrated on 1st January. On the 7th of januray is Christmas. Independence day is on august 24th. Constitution day is on june 28th.

Public Holidays in Australia 2018

Public holidays in Australia 2018, Printable Calendar 2018

Public holidays in Australia are actually a mixture of two most important things. These are : statutes and industrial awards and agreements.

If by any chance the standard public holidays fall on a weekend, a replacement of public holiday will at times be observed on the first non-weekend day (mostly it is Monday) after the weekend, whether by virtue of the public holiday legislation or by the ad hoc proclamation. If any worker is required to work on a public holiday or replaced any public holiday at any point of time, then , they will usually be entitled to be paid at a holiday penalty rate.

Public holidays in Canada 2018

Public holidays in Canada 2018

Holidays here are known as statutory holidays or general public holidays or normally stats. Basically, there are five general public holidays and six extra holidays for the employees. Mostly all firms and offices and also school systems specially gives off at the end of December because of Christmas eve and new year’s eve. There are also cultural holidays like mother’s day, father’s day holiday as a type and also a belief of Canadian culture.

There are also municipal holidays in Canada and so civic holidays. Civic holidays are those where the employees are paid on holiday basis. The civic holiday is mostly on the 1st Monday of August month.

Full Moon Calendar 2018 | New Moon Calendar 2018 (Lunar Calendar 2018)

The lunar calendar is a calendar that is based on the Moon’s cycle or phases. This is in contrast to the solar calendar which is based only on the solar year. The Gregorian calendar as we all know is the most common calendar is based on the solar calendar but was invented originally based on lunar calendar. There is a process called intercalation which states that a purely lunar calendar can be differentiated from lunisolar calendars in such a way that the lunar months need to be aligned like that in solar calendar 2018. When the months begin depends on the various forms of the moon like the full moon, crescent moon, half moon, and some of them are based on calculations. All phases of the moon have been given on it.

Lunar Calendar 2018

Full moon Schedule calendar 2018, New moon calendar 2018

The length of each lunation is approximately 29.5 days that is 29 days , 12 hours , 44 minutes , and 3 seconds. The months in the lunar calendar varies between 29 and 30 days and is a common phenomenon. During a lunar year there are twelve lunation’s and hence the year is approximately 354 days or 354 days , 8 hours , 48 minutes , and 34 seconds. It is a common phenomenon to loose eleven days a year in comparison to Gregorian calendar. There are some pure lunar calendars like the Islamic calendar which has to repeat the cycle of Gregorian calendar after a gap of every 33 years.
The Gregorian calendar is the most common calendar that is used in almost every countries hut in order to find the national holidays and regional holidays , the lunar and lunisolar calendars are used in the old world till now. Some of the holidays are : –
1. Diwali
2. Holi
3. New year
4. Ramadan
5. Chinese new year
6. Nepali new year
7. Chuseok
The warren field in Scotland is the first place where the lunar calendar was found and this dates back to 8000 BC. This was during the Mesolithic period. There are some scholars who argued that the moon calendar 2018 existed even before this time.

Moon Phase Calendar 2018

Moon Phase Calendar 2018, Full moon chart 2018

One important thing to note is that the calendars referred to as lunar calendars are basically the lunisolar calendars only. The process of intercalation is used to match the months according to the solar calendar. In ancient Egypt there were traces of solar civic calendar were found that were in accordance with the lunar calendar. The Chinese, Hindu, and the Thai calendars are present day lunisolar calendar and they often search what is a new moon and is the moon phase today?

New Moon Calendar 2018

New Moon Calendar 2018, Moon schedule calendar 2018

Since the months are 29 or 30 days in length hence they are called synodic months and hence it leads to the lunar year being 11 days short of solar year. There are some lunar calendars that don’t use the intercalation like the Islamic calendar. But there are some that do calculations and add an extra month after every two to three years so that they are at match. The example of these calendars is Hebrew Calendar. In some lunisolar calendars some natural events occurring take a part to make some changes that are at par with the lunar cycle as well as solar cycle. An example of this kind of calendars is Banks Islands which always uses the mass of palolo worm to include three months additional in the calendar.
At what time the day will start differs in both the lunar calendar as well as the lunisolar calendar. Also there is a difference that on which day a month will start. For example :- in the Chinese calendar a new day of the month is started when there is a new moon at some particular time zone. There are calendars in which the new day of every month begins after full moon or new moon. The example of this type of calendar is Hindu calendar. Some calendar find the day of month by seeing the first sighting of the lunar crescent and the calendar using this concept is Hebrew calendar.

Moon Phase Calendar 2018

Moon Phase Calendar 2018, New moon calendar 2018

There is an average value for the length of every lunar cycle which varies accordingly. These depend on the observations on the weather conditions and subject of uncertainty. In order to fix the above uncertainties there have been several arithmetic rules that have been discovered and made to overcome it and approximately give the date of the new month and the particular day.
The value of 29.530589 days or 29 days , 12 hours , 44 minutes , and 3 seconds , is the average value of the synodic month. It is in consideration with the fact that the days of the months are either twenty nine days or thirty days. These days are called as hollow or full. There is a term in mathematics called as the continuous fraction which helps in determining the distribution of hollow and full months. These functions are also used in examining approximation of successive lengths of months as a fraction of a day. There is a list below showing the number of days in the numerator and the months after that in the denominator : –
1. 29 / 1 ( After 2 months add 1 day )
2. 30 / 1 ( After 2 months add 1 day )
3. 59 / 2 ( After 2.6 years add 1 day )
4. 443 / 15 ( After 30 years add 1 day )
5. 502 / 17 (After 70 years add 1 day )
6. 945 / 32 (After 222 years add 1 day , can be expressed in binary exactly : 11101.10001₂ )
7. 1447 / 49 (After 3 millennia add 1 day )
8. 25101 / 850 ( if there is change in synodic month value)

2018 Lunar Calendar

2018 Lunar Calendar, MOON CALENDAR 2018

The fractions shown above are used to make a lunar calendar and also can be used to make a lunisolar calendar by doing a combination with a solar calendar to make it. In the above list, in the 7th point we can see that there is a 49 month calendar which was proposed as an alternative by Issac Newton for the Easter Computation in the year 1700 around.