2018 Hindu calendar is a term that is collectively used for various lunisolar calendars and they are traditionally adopted in Hinduism. This is adopted so that one can know the concept of timekeeping, and when New Year starts, and to give emphasis to which cycle – moon cycle or the sun cycle. The most followed and studied calendar among the various Hindu calendars is the Vikrami Calendar. This calendar is found in the northern region, the western region and central region. The Tamil calendar and Tithi Calendar 2018 is found in the south region while the Bengali calendar is found in the east. The calendars used in these regions take emphasis of lunar cycle and their new year starts in spring. But In some states like Kerala, the solar cycle is emphasized and hence Hinduism called as the Malayalam calendar. A Hindu calendar 2018 with Tithi is also known as 2018 Panchang.
Panchang Calendar 2018
The Gregorian calendar is different from the Hindu calendar but is somewhat similar to the Jewish calendar in the conceptual design. The Gregorian calendar adds days to the lunar month so that it can adjust the mismatch between the twelve lunar cycles. But the hindu calendar maintains the lunar month’s integrity but still adds a whole extra month so that all the festivals can be accommodated and this process is quite complex.
Hindu Calendar 2018 Wedding Dates
The Hindu calendar is very widely used in India as well as Nepal in order to set the dates of various Indian festivals like Holi, Diwali, Raksha Bandhan, Pongal etc. in India, the early Buddhist community used the ancient Indian Calendar, then went for the Vikrami Calendar, and finally the Buddhist Calendar. The Buddhist community festivals are celebrated as per the lunar system only. Various countries like Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Laos, Myanmar, and Thailand use the lunisolar calendar which is somewhat similar to the Buddhist calendar in the context that they are based on the ancient version of Hindu calendar. The same lunisolar system which is given in the ancient Hindu calendar 2018 is also followed by the Jainism tradition. The Buddha and the Mahavira lifetimes have been used as a reference point for the timekeeping systems of the Buddhist and the Jains.
The astrology and the zodiac system that have been mostly adopted from the Greece are important for the practice from the Hindu calendar. The “Saka Calendar” better known as the Indian national calendar was redesigned so that it can be based on the Hindu calendars and finally adopted on March 22, 1957.
Time was kept in ancient times by observing the movement of Sun, Moon and planets by the Hindu Scholars. The calculations about Sun are present in various Sanskrit astronomical texts that are written in Sanskrit. Some of them are 5th century article written by Aryabhatta, in 6th century it was given by Lataveda in Romaka, in 7th century it was given by Brahamgupta in Khandakhyadyaka, in 8th century it was given Lalla in Sisyadhivrddida. In these writings, the movements and positions of various planetary and sun or Surya is given and also estimate the characteristics of various planetary motions. There were other texts like Surya Siddhanta which are believed to have been completed between 5th and 10th century which have chapters that show various planets with their deity methodologies.
The manuscripts have been written in various languages which show the sun and planetary calculations and its motion relative to earth. Since there are different versions so it is considered that they have been opened and changed during their lifetime.
There are various Sanskrit texts that show us how many days were in a year. These are:-
- Surya Siddhanta – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 36.56 seconds .
- Paulica Siddhanta – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 36 seconds .
- Paracara Siddhanta – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 31.50 seconds .
- Arya Siddhanta – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 30.84 seconds .
- Laghu Arya Siddhanta – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 30 seconds .
- Siddhanta Shiromani – 365 days , 6 hours , 12 minutes , 9 seconds .
For setting the months and days the Hindu texts used the lunar cycle but to complete the year they required solar cycle. The system used here is similar to the one that is used in Jewish and Babylonian calendar. In this system there is still the challenge of mismatch between the correctness of 354 lunar days in twelve months or 365 days.
The solar year was observed by tracking the position of the sun when it comes up that is sunrise till when it goes down that is sunset. These formed constellations in the sky which were divided at 30 degree angles into twelve different parts.
The siddhanta tradition predated the Christian tradition as explained or observed by Scott Montgomery. The siddhanta tradition at one time had 18 texts out of which only 5 have survived till the modern age. These texts had information regarding the sun, moon and planetary motions and their formulas. They also predicted their future motions and positions as well as their equinoxes and parallax. A word called truti was used by the scholars who were trying to find the accuracy of time which came out around 29.36 micro seconds. During the time of their chance to fins the accuracy of time, they computed the diameter of the earth which is actually 7918 miles and their result also came very close to it. These calendars were again written by Aryabhatta and Varahamihira during the 5th and 6th century.
After some time a new word came into existence in the Hindu astrology known as Jyotisha. After a lot of centuries the astrological application came into existence because it was almost identical with the Greek astrology as they were somewhat similar.
The ancient texts on Jyotisha never mentioned so much of astrology or prophecy but discussed only on time keeping. According to Nicolas Campion, the idea of horoscopes and astrology came to India from Greece.
January 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi
February 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi
March 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi
April 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi
May 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi
June 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi
July 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi
August 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi
September 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi
October 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi
November 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi
December 2018 Hindu Calendar with Tithi